What is Trauma?
Trauma can lead to a variety of mental health sign; including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). So how does trauma have an effect on people? The effects differ from person to person, and with life circumstances, but here are some things you need to know about trauma.
Trauma Changes Your Body
If you maintain damage associated with your trauma, those injuries can serve as a stable reminder of what you’ve been through. But even if you experience no physical harm, trauma can change your body. Trauma survivors are more likely to suffer cardiovascular disease, chronic pain, and a host of other situation. Some research even suggests that trauma can reason people to die prematurely. Addressing the psychological pain of trauma can help you undo its physical effects.
Trauma Changes Your Brain
The psychological effects of trauma are more than just the product of emotional pain. And they’re far from a choice. Trauma changes the way your brain functions, altering neurotransmitter levels and changing the way your mind process information. This can make you more vulnerable to other mental health situation, in addition to creating a vicious cycle whereby you view progressively more experiences through the lens of trauma.
Trauma Primes You for More Trauma
People who have a history of trauma are more vulnerable to future trauma. They may respond poorly to stressful life events, or even allow their trauma to color their behavior, placing them in danger. For example, some research shows that a before rape increases the likelihood of a subsequent rape. Involvement in an abusive relationship can alter perceptions about what healthy relationships look like, thereby subjecting a victim to even more abuse. This rising vulnerability to trauma after one traumatic experience makes it clear that trauma treatment doesn’t just make lives better; it can really save lives.
Trauma is Treatable
Much mental health situation spring from unreasonable or fanciful thoughts. Depressed people view the world through a needlessly negative lens; anxious people see danger where none exists. But the after-effects of trauma are based on something real. It’s tough to tell someone their thoughts don’t make sense when they spring from a very real and very terrifying experience. So counseling for trauma victims must be sensitive to the trauma they have experienced.
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