What Is Insomnia?
Insomnia is a sleep disorder. Individuals who suffer from insomnia find it hard to fall asleep, stay asleep, or both. They don’t feel refreshed when they wake up from sleeping. This can lead to fatigue and other sign. Insomnia can be diagnosed as short-term, acute, or long-term, also referred to as chronic.
Risk factors for insomnia
Insomnia can happen at any age, and is more likely to affect women than men. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, people with certain risk factors are more likely to have insomnia. These risk factors include:
Causes of insomnia
Acute insomnia is normally caused by stress or an upsetting event. It can last for days, or even weeks.
Chronic insomnia happens three times a week for three months or more. This type of insomnia is often secondary to another problem or a combination of problems, such as:
Symptoms of insomnia
People who experience insomnia usually report at least one of these symptoms:
These symptoms of insomnia can lead to other symptoms, such as fatigue, mood changes, and difficulty concentrating on tasks during the day.
Your doctor will ask questions about you’re:
This will provide information that can help find underlying causes of sleep problems. You might be asked to:
Treatment of insomnia
There is both pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical treatment for insomnia. Your doctor can talk to you about what treatments might be suitable for you. You may need to try a number of different treatments before find the one that is the most effective for you.
Sleep hygiene training may be recommended. Sometimes, behaviors that interfere with sleep are causing insomnia. Sleep hygiene training can help you change some of these disruptive behaviors, such as:
Talk with your doctor before using any of the following to treat your insomnia: