What Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has an effect on children and teens and can continue into adulthood. ADHD is the most normally diagnosed mental disorder of children. Children with ADHD may be hyperactive and not capable control their impulses. Or they may have trouble paying attention. These behaviors interfere with school and home life.
It’s more general in boys than in girls. It’s generally discovered during the early school years, when a child begins to have problems paying attention. Adults with ADHD may have problem managing time, being organized, setting goals, and holding down a job. They may also have problems with relationships, self-esteem, and addiction.
Symptoms in Children
Symptoms are grouped into three categories:
Inattention. A child with ADHD:
Hyperactivity. A child with ADHD:
Treatment and Therapies
While there is no cure for ADHD, currently available treatments can help decrease symptoms and improve functioning. Treatments include medication, psychotherapy, education or training, or a combination of treatments.
For many people, ADHD medications reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity and recover their capability to focus, work, and learn. Medication also may improve physical coordination. Sometimes several different medications or dosages must be tried before finding the right one that works for a particular person. Anyone taking medications must be monitored closely and watchfully by their prescribing doctor.
The most common type of medication used for treating ADHD is called a “stimulant.” Although it may seem unusual to treat ADHD with a medication that is considered a stimulant, it works because it enlarge the brain chemicals dopamine and nor epinephrine, which play essential roles in thinking and attention.