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The nicotine in any tobacco item promptly retains into the blood when an individual uses it. After entering the blood, nicotine quickly invigorates the adrenal organs to discharge the hormone epinephrine (adrenaline). Epinephrine animates the focal sensory system and expands circulatory strain, breathing, and pulse. Likewise with medications, for example, cocaine and heroin, nicotine initiates the cerebrum’s prize circuits and furthermore builds levels of the compound ambassador dopamine, which fortifies remunerating practices. Studies propose that different synthetic substances in tobacco smoke, for example, acetaldehyde, may upgrade nicotine’s consequences for the mind.

What are other wellbeing impacts of tobacco use?

Despite the fact that nicotine is addictive, the greater part of the serious wellbeing impacts of tobacco use originates from different synthetics. Tobacco smoking can prompt lung malignancy, interminable bronchitis, and emphysema. It builds the danger of coronary illness, which can prompt stroke or respiratory failure. Smoking has likewise been connected to different malignancies, leukemia, waterfalls, Type 2 Diabetes, and pneumonia. These dangers apply to utilization of any smoked item, including hookah tobacco. Smokeless tobacco expands the danger of disease, particularly mouth malignant growths.

How does tobacco use lead to dependence?

For some, who use tobacco, long haul cerebrum changes welcomed on by proceeded with nicotine introduction bring about habit. At the point when an individual attempts to stop, the person may have withdrawal manifestations, including:

  1. irritability
  2. issues focusing
  3. inconvenience sleeping
  4. expanded craving
  5. powerful desires for tobacco

By what method can individuals get treatment for nicotine dependence?

Both conduct medicines and drugs can assist individuals with stopping smoking, however the blend of prescription with advising is more powerful than either alone.

Behavioral Treatments

Behavioral Treatments utilize an assortment of techniques to assist individuals with stopping smoking, extending from self improvement materials to guiding. These medicines instruct individuals to perceive high-chance circumstances and create techniques to manage them. For instance, individuals who spend time with other people who smoke are bound to smoke and less inclined to stop.


Drug use can have a wide scope of short-and long haul, immediate and backhanded impacts. These impacts regularly rely upon the particular medication or medications utilized, how they are taken, what amount is taken, the individual’s wellbeing, and different variables. Transient impacts can run from changes in craving, alertness, pulse, circulatory strain, or potentially temperament to coronary episode, stroke, psychosis, overdose, and even passing. These wellbeing impacts may happen after only one use.

Longer-term impacts can incorporate heart or lung sickness, malignancy, psychological instability, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and others. Long haul tranquilize use can likewise prompt fixation. Illicit drug use is a cerebrum issue. Not every person who uses medications will get dependent, yet for a few, sedate use can change how certain mind circuits work. These cerebrum changes meddle with how individuals experience typical delights in life, for example, food and sex, their capacity to control their feeling of anxiety, their dynamic, their capacity to learn and recall, and so forth. These progressions make it considerably more hard for somebody to quit taking the medication in any event, when it’s indirect affecting their life and they need to stop.

Drug use can likewise indirect affect both the individuals who are ingesting medications and on everyone around them. This can incorporate influencing an individual’s sustenance; rest; dynamic and impulsivity; and hazard for injury, savagery, injury, and transmittable maladies. Medication use can likewise influence babies destined to ladies who use drugs while pregnant. More extensive negative results can be found in training level, business, lodging, connections, and criminal equity association.

For more data on how different medications influence various parts of the body and infection hazard, Click the below link:

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After an ongoing spate of prominent suicides, I thought it essential to discuss the subject transparently in light of the fact that some of you perusing this blog might be contemplating it. Or on the other hand have pondered it. Or then again have endeavored it. Or on the other hand possibly you realize somebody who’s taken their life. At whatever point important, I talk straightforwardly with customers about the chance of their being self-destructive, however it’s never a simple subject to raise. Be that as it may, it’s significantly more agreeable than what I would feel if a customer endeavored it.

I’ve had customers who’ve been inactively or effectively self-destructive, and those who’ve must be hospitalized or hospitalized themselves when things became unreasonably risky for them or for alarming another person. I’ve known individuals, for the most part associates, who’ve slaughtered themselves—a collaborator decades back, a man I quickly dated who lived in Canada, and two exceptionally magnificent old individuals who had full existences and would not like to keep an eye out for more terrible ailment than they as of now were enduring to cut them down.

Self destruction is appropriately supposed to be a lasting answer for a brief issue, a balanced clarification for what we consider as a silly choice. In my book, there’s advocated taking your life since you’re in consistent physical torment and there’s zero chance of improving or in light of the fact that you’re passing on at any rate. That is justifiable, despite the fact that I’m not embracing it in any capacity whatsoever. At that point there’s needing to take your life since you’re in horrible passionate torment. In spite of the fact that it may not appear to be so at that point, passionate agony is emphatically more treatable than physical torment. It is anything but a single direction road or a given that things will remain terrible or deteriorate. Enthusiastic agony can be made progressively bearable or even killed, positively enough to pull back discouraged individuals from the edge.

Since numerous dysregulated eaters, in any event the individuals who look for mental treatment, have wretchedness and nervousness issue, suicidality is consistently a chance (however broad inaccessible). Endeavors or culmination additionally happen all the more regularly with individuals who have Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) than with the individuals who don’t convey this conclusion a decent number of individuals with dysregulated eating likewise have BPD. Besides, paces of death by self destruction happening among people who have dietary issues are higher than among people with other psychological wellness issue. Most in danger are the individuals who have Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa.

All in all, what would you be able to do? On the off chance that you feel that life is excessively difficult or not worth living, perceive this idea as undesirable and treatable. You need not keep on feeling along these lines. In the event that you know individuals who talk clandestinely or unmistakably about taking their lives, remain with the subject and examine their sentiments with them. Furthermore, if individuals alarm you enough to accept that they may end their own life, for the love of all that is pure and holy, regardless of how furious they are or you figure they may be in the event that you contact us to get them hospitalized, disregard their responses and give a valiant effort for them. All things considered, preferable furious and alive over dead.


Depression and Suicide Prevention


Suicide is defined as intentionally taking one’s own life and comes from the Latin suicidium, which literally means “to kill oneself.” It tends to carry different traits depending on the culture. Historically, and still today in some locations, suicide is considered a criminal offense, a religious taboo, and, in some cases, an act of honor (e.g., kamikaze and suicide bombings).

Literally speaking, suicide or completed suicide is the successful act of intentionally causing one’s own death. Attempted suicide is an attempt to take one’s life that does not end in death, rather self-injury. Assisted suicide, a controversial topic in the medical field, is defined as an individual helping another individual in bringing about their own death by providing them with the means to carry it out or by providing advice on how to do it.

Warning Signs of Depression?


While only a qualified medical or mental health provider can diagnose depression, there are certain warning signs that can help you identify whether you or someone you care about may be depressed.

Depression looks a little different in different people, however. So while one individual may struggle to get out of bed due to depression, someone else might be able to go to work every day without co-workers noticing that he’s depressed.

The two most common types contain major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder.

The good news is, depression is treatable. If you recognize signs that you or someone you may know be depressed, professional help may be warranted. Medication, talk therapy, or a combination of the two could be instrumental in reducing depressive symptoms.

Decreased Interest or Pleasure

The second core symptom of major depressive disorder is a reduce interest or pleasure in things that were once enjoyed. A person exhibiting this symptom will show markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, daily activities.

Low Mood

Depressed mood is consistent with both major depression and persistent depressive disorder. In major depression, an individual must feel depressed most of the day, nearly every day, as shown by either subjective report or observations made by others. Children or adolescents may appear more irritable than sad. Children may appear more irritable than depressed and they must experience it more days than not for at least one year.

Sleep Disturbances

Sleep disturbances including complexity falling asleep, staying asleep, feeling sleepy despite a full night’s rest or daytime sleepiness can indicate either major depressive disorder or persistent depressive disorder.


A loss of energy and chronic feelings of fatigue can be symptoms of both persistent depressive disorder and major depressive disorder. Feeling tired most of the time can interfere with an individual’s capability to function usually.

Feelings of Worthlessness or Guilt

Excessive, inappropriate guilt and feelings of worthlessness are general symptoms of major depressive disorder. The feelings of guilt may be so severe they become delusional.

Difficulty Concentrating

Both major depressive disorder and persistent depressive disorder involve difficulty concentrating and making decisions. Individuals with depression may recognize this in themselves or others around them may notice that they’re struggling to think visibly.



Suicide prevention methods and treatment are based on patient risk factors. Treatments are prescribed in light of underlying conditions in addition to prevention of suicidal thoughts and acts. If you are suffering from a mental disorder, a treatment plan to treat this condition is implemented first. One of the most common suicide prevention techniques is psychotherapy— also known as talk therapy —in the form of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) or Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT).

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is a common treatment option for individuals suffering from a variety of mental disorders. In this method of psychotherapy, you are taught new ways of dealing with stress and stressful life experiences. In this manner, when thoughts of suicide arise, you can redirect those thoughts and cope with them in a different way than attempting to take your own life.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy is used to help an individual recognize disruptive or unhealthy feelings or actions. In relation, this therapy method then introduces techniques on how to deal with difficult or troubling situations. More research is needed on psychotherapy related to suicide prevention though, as DBT, in particular, has been shown to decrease the prevalence of attempted suicide but has shown no effect on completed suicides.

Medications can also be prescribed as a prevention method to suicide; however, controversy exists in this method, as many medications used in the treatment of mental disorders include increased risk of suicide as a side effect. Antidepressants especially carry a risk of a potential increase in suicidal thoughts and behavior—but this risk might be dependent on age. Clinical research has shown that young adults increase their risk of suicide and suicidal thoughts when taking antidepressants, but in older individuals, this side effect diminishes.

Increased awareness among doctors is also a prevention technique. Research indicates that many individuals who have completed suicide or attempted suicide did seek medical attention in the year prior; however, warning signs may have been missed. Increased education and awareness among medical professionals might decrease suicide rates in the future.


If You Need support

If you know of someone who is suicidal, do not leave the person alone. Attempt to get them immediate help from their medical provider, hospital Remove access to dangerous items, such as firearms, medications, or other potential risks.



Dr Manish borasi’s Interview on psychological aspects of lockdown & stress management in Times of India

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Dr. Manish Borasi added that the lockdown has led to a spurt in mental health issues, which has resulted in him receiving more calls every day. “Apart from my regular patients, I am getting an additional 12-15 calls every day from people wanting to talk about a range of issues — be it domestic conflicts or it domestic conflicts or irritability or frustration or anxiety related to Covid-19,” he said.








5 Ways to Stay Calm during a Crisis

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It can be so hard to keep calm in a crisis, but doing so has countless benefits for your physical and mental health. Keep reading to learn why it’s so essential to keep your cool, and some strategies to make it happen.

Staying calm in a crisis is essential if you want to be capable to think clearly. The decisions you make in moments of crisis are critical, so it’s essential that your negative emotions don’t influence the process. Exhaustion and desperation are bad company when you need precise, effective, and intelligent action.

Stay positive.

When stressful conditions happen, your mind may go in a thousand directions and some of your thoughts may be negative. The more your mind wanders, the more difficult it will be for you to remain calm. Stop yourself from beginning to imagine the worst-case scenario. Instead, let go of negative thoughts and refocus your mind on something positive, no matter how small.

Take care of your body.

If you make your personal health a priority, you’ll be better equipped to handle a crisis. Eat a balanced diet, exercise commonly and receive plenty of sleep. Exercise lowers the level of stress hormones and helps the body function at its highest level.

Call a trusted friend or mentor.

Use your support system and don’t be afraid to ask for advice with a stressful situation. Someone who isn’t emotionally invested in the situation will be capable to see the dilemma from a different perspective and can help you arrive at potential solutions. When you reach out to people you trust and respect, you’ll feel more grounded. That security will help you control your stress and anxiety. As you explain the situation, you may even start to share your thoughts out loud, which might prompt you to discover a new approach or solution.


Pull away from the situation for a while, even if only for an hour or two. When you give yourself time to process a dilemma and the surrounding emotions, you’ll be capable to approach the situation with a fresh perspective.

Slow down.

If possible, don’t react immediately. Instead, be patient and collect as much information as possible. Ask yourself, is this really going to matter a year from now? If the answer is yes, step back to remove yourself somewhat from the condition. Instead of seeing yourself as an active participant, try to view yourself as a representative of your company.


How to Deal With Stress-Related Insomnia

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Are you stressed enough over finances, your job, relationship conflict or other stressors that you’re experiencing insomnia? You’re not alone! While sleep researchers generally agree that insomnia prevalence statistics vary because of the criteria used to define insomnia, at any one time about one-third of adults sampled will experience some form of insomnia, either difficulty going to sleep, trouble staying asleep, or insomnia so severe that it disrupts daytime activities. New diagnostic criteria for insomnia released in 2020 reinforce the connections between insomnia, anxiety, and depression.

Because sleep is so essential to overall health, insomnia can affect your life in many ways.  A sleep deficit can make you feel mentally slower and more emotional, which can exacerbate your experience of stress. Dealing with lasting insomnia can reason stress, too, which can lead to more stress-related insomnia. And, if your insomnia is stress-related to begin with, being overly tired and stressed does nothing to help solve the problems creating the stress in the first place. Here are a few things to try if you are dealing with stress-related insomnia.

Work through Your Stress

If you’re losing sleep due to anxiety, you may be capable to relax and get better sleep with a change of perspective. Anxiety, including the type that keeps you up at night, is often a natural response to conditions that need some sort of action. Viewing your situation as a challenge to be faced, rather than a threat, can help you get into an active, decision-making mode rather than remain in an anxious, passive state.

Take the Pressure off Sleep

As mentioned, when losing sleep becomes a regular occurrence, bedtime itself can become stressful. If you’ve reached this point, there are a few things you can do to take the stress off insomnia.

First, if you’re having trouble sleeping, you might want to get up and do something after a few minutes, when you’re sure that sleep is a long way off.

Don’t Do It Alone

Many people who suffer from insomnia do not seek help. This is unfortunate because several interventions can help with insomnia, including cognitive-behavioural therapy and medication, and can help you take charge of stress-related insomnia.

If you’re experiencing persistent insomnia, consider talking to your doctor about your options.


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As the spread and far-reaching impacts of Covid-19 dominate the world news, we have all been witnessing and experiencing the parallel spread of worry, anxiety, and instability. Indeed, in a crisis, our mental state often seems only to exacerbate an already extremely challenging condition, becoming a major obstacle in itself.

As you watch the events around the outbreak of Coronavirus unfurl, it is not unnatural to feel increasing stress and panic.

The news keeps pouring in and the information can be overwhelming and scary. You may have anxiety and fear due to a lot of issues such as dealing with at-risk family members or patients, trying to keep kids occupied while being indoors all day, managing to get work done while at home, or simply adjusting to the new condition. As the days go by, the stress can add up and affect you both physically and mentally.

Take a Break

The constantly negative news can be a lot to handle. Decide the amount of exposure to the news that works for you. Especially if there are children involved, make sure you expose them to only age-appropriate material. Every so often disconnect physically and mentally from anything to do with the Coronavirus coverage. Play with puzzles, read a book, reorganize or clean instead.

Maintain a Healthy Diet

Unnecessary stress can reason you to overeat or eat unhealthy, adversely affecting your metabolism. Avoid emotional eating by identifying trigger factors and keeping away from the urge. Keep healthy snacks around you such as fruit bowls, nuts or even granola bars. Keeping your blood sugar levels stable throughout the day helps regulate your mood and emotions. Good nutrition also keeps your immune system healthy.

Exercise Regularly

Aerobic exercises can still be done within the walls of your home or the compound of your apartment, such as walking, running or climbing stairs. Even playing with your kids or pets can help burn off some calories.

Exercising helps release endorphins within your system, which play a vital role in elevating your mood and keeping a positive attitude. Stretching exercises and yoga also help keep you fit and your mind calm.

Practice Good Hygiene

Be extra vigilant and follow the precautions that have been advised. Keep your floors clean and sanitize hard surfaces commonly. Make sure you take a bath every day and are maintaining a daily personal hygiene routine.

Find Ways to Express Yourself

Whether by putting pen to paper, capturing videos, scrapbooking, keeping a journal or by blogging, expressing yourself helps to cope with your feelings. You can either write extensively or just a line a day, as long as you find a hobby that works best for you. This keeps the stress away and gives you something to look forward to every day.


Being Mindful of Your Mental Health during the COVID-19 Outbreak

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The outbreak of the coronavirus COVID-19 has impacted people in varying ways on an international scale. It is understandable that during times like this, people may be feeling afraid, worried, and anxious and overwhelmed by the constantly changing alerts and media coverage regarding the spread of the virus.

While it is necessary to stay informed, the following are some mental health and wellbeing tips and strategies to continue looking after ourselves and each other during these difficult times.

Manage your exposure to media coverage as this can increase feelings of fear and anxiety. Be mindful of sources of information and ensure you are accessing good quality and exact information. We have provided some links below.

Follow a “calm yet cautious” approach do you best to remain calm and be mindful not to contribute to the widespread panic that can hinder efforts to positively manage the outbreak. Ensure you are following directives issued by the government, medical advice and observe good hygiene habits.

Show compassion and kindness to one another – these times of fear, isolation (both physical and social) and uncertainty are when it is most essential that we strengthen our sense of community by connecting with and supporting each other. Remind ourselves that we can manage this much better together in solidarity, and that COVID-19 doesn’t discriminate – it can affect anyone regardless of age, gender, nationality or ethnicity.

Actively manage your wellbeing by maintaining routines where possible, connect with family and friends (even if not in person), staying physically active, eating nutritious foods and seeking additional support by contacting Lifeline or further professional support as required.

Get a grasp on anxiety

Many people with and without anxiety disorders are feeling anxious.

Because the virus is a virus you can’t see, and not enough people are being tested, you don’t know who carriers are, so you’re hypervigilant about other people and surfaces you’re touching and places you’re going, which makes you more anxious because there is real danger, but the uncertainty and lack of information about the virus reasons anxiety.

Engage in mindful awareness practices.

When we experience stress, we may find our minds “racing,” often with unhelpful thoughts. These thoughts can lead to more stress, catching us in quite a loop. Break the pattern—make a firm plan to practice mindfulness.

Student support services continue in virtual environment

Sit quietly and allow the body to breathe deeply (full inhales in, full exhales out), then gently invite your mind to return from the races and join you in the present moment as you sit and breathe. Invite your mind back kindly as many times as needed. Repeat the practice daily for 10 to 15 minutes or more.

Create and maintain routine.

Schedule your time, take breaks, maintain a routine sleep schedule, take advantage of sleep hygiene techniques, and consider writing out your schedule then sharing with a friend or family member to increase accountability. The absence of your typical routine gives you an opportunity to develop a new routine.

About us

Dr. Manish Borasi is Best Psychiatrist in Bhopal. Dr. Manish Borasi is psychiatrist and psychotherapist at Dr. Manish Borasi Serenity Neuropsychiatry Clinic. Dr.Manish Borasi Serenity Neuropsychiatry Clinic offering best psychiatrist and psychotherapist treatment services.

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